2010 Census of Population and Housing – Final Results (Caloocan)

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Tuesday, September 27, 2016
Population of Caloocan City stands at 1.49 million
Population of Caloocan City increases by 2.37 percent annually
Caloocan City recorded a total population of 1,489,040 as of May 1, 2010, an increase of 311,436 persons over the May 2000 population. The increase in the population translates to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.37 percent, lower than the PGR of 3.39 percent for the period 1990 to 2000. This city contributed 12.61 percent to the total population of the National Capital Region in 2010.
Refer to Table 6 for details.
Population density increases by 26.45 percent
With a land area of 55.8 square kilometers, population density of Caloocan City registered 26,685 persons per square kilometer in 2010. This showed an increase of 5,581 persons (26.45%) from 1,104 persons in 2000.
The following table presents the population density and percent change by census year.
Barangay 176 (Bagong Silang) tops in total population size
Of the 188 barangays in Caloocan City, Barangay 176 (Bagong Silang) recorded the highest total population of 243,890 persons in 2010. This was also the largest barangay in terms of population size n the entire country. The following table presents the total population of barangays in Caloocan City that exceeded 25,000 persons.
Refer to Table 6 for details
Household population increases by 26.61 percent
Total household population of Caloocan City reached 1,487,245 in 2010, posting an increase of 26.61 percent compared to 1,174,673 in 2000. Household population accounted for 99.88 percent of the city total population.
Number of households and household size
In 2010, there were 345,444 households recorded in the city. This showed an increase of 38.42 percent from 249,567 households in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size in 2000.
Sex ratio in Caloocan City is 99 males for every 100 females
Of the total household population in 2010, 49.80 percent were males and 50.20 percent were females. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females, which is lower than that recorded in 2000. The census result revealed that the sex ratio for age groups 15 to 64 years had more females than males. However, age groups below 15 years had more males than females.
The following figures present the comparative age-sex pyramids for the NCR and Caloocan City.

Refer to Table 7 for details.

Overall dependency ratio is 53 in 2010
The 2010 household population comprised of 48.30 percent young dependents (age group 0 to 14), 4.54 percent old dependents (age group 65 and over), and 65.43 percent working-age population age group 15 to 64). These reflected a dependency ratio of 53 dependents (five old dependents and 48 young dependents) for every 100 persons in the working population. In 2000, the overall dependency ratio was 60 with only three old dependents and 57 young dependents for every 100 persons in the working age group. Refer to Table 7 for details
Senior citizens constitute 5.17 percent of the household population in 2010
Senior citizens, comprising those aged 60 years old and over, numbered 76,964 in Caloocan City. Males accounted for 42.92 percent and the rest were females. Senior citizens represent 5.17 percent of the total household population. Refer to Table 7 for details.
About two in five of the household population are of school age
In 2010, the school-age population (5 to 24 years old) represents 40.66 percent of the total household population. This is slightly lower than the proportion of school-age population (41.45%) in 2000. Of the 604,753 school age population, males made up 50.43 percent, while females registered 49.57 percent. Refer to Table 7 for details.
The National Statistics Office conducted the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) in May to June 2010 pursuant to Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Commonwealth Act 591. The 2010 CPH is the 13th census of population and 6th census of housing undertaken since the first census in 1903. The 2010 CPH was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units and to collect information about their characteristics. The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as information about the demographic, social, economic and cultural characteristics. The census of housing, on the other hand, provides information on the supply of housing units, their structural characteristics and facilities which have bearing on the maintenance of privacy, health and the development of normal family living conditions. These information are vital for making rational plans and programs for national and local development, basis for the apportionment of the Internal Revenue Allotment to local government and for the creation of legislative areas such as regions, provinces, municipalities and barangays, or the conversion of a municipality into a city.
Specifically, the census aimed to obtain comprehensive data on the size, composition and distribution of the population in the Philippines; to gather migration and fertility data, to classify the population according to ethnic origin and religious affiliations and determine their geographic distribution; to gather data on usual occupation and industry; and to take stock of existing housing units in the country and to gather information about their geographic location, structural characteristics and available facilities.
Census day for the 2010 CPH was May 1, 2010 as of 12:01 a.m. The Philippine Standard Geographic Codes (PSGC) as of March 31, 2010 was used for the disaggregation of geographic levels for the 2010 CPH.
Proclamation No. 362, signed by President Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III on 30 March 2012 made official the census counts for all purposes. Population counts also include homeless population and Filipinos in Philippines Embassies, Consulates and Missions abroad. The counts were based on census accomplished questionnaires all over the country. These questionnaires were processed at the different Regional Census Processing Centers using the Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) technology along with the Census Integrated Processing System developed by NSO for this purpose.
The successful completion of census-taking was made possible with the support of the local and national officials, government agencies, local government units, media, private agencies, and non-government organizations.
Data on land area (in hectares) was provided by the Land Management Bureau, and converted to square kilometers by dividing the land area by 1000. The land area was based on the 2010 Master List Land Area of the Philippines.
Concepts and Definitions
Household is a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have a common arrangement in the preparation and consumption of food.
Household population refers to all persons who are members of the household.
Average household size is the average number of persons who live in the household, computed as the household population in a given area divided by the corresponding total number of households in the area
Growth rate is the rate which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given period due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population.
Land area refers to the geographical size of a political entity measured in square kilometers.
Population density refers to the average number of persons per square kilometre of land, which is computed by dividing the total population by the land area (in square kilometers) of a given political entity.
Barangay is the smallest political unit in the country.
Median age is the age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups, that is, half of the population are younger than the median age and the other half are older.
Sex ratio is the number of males per one hundred females in a given population.
Overall dependency ratio is the sum of the number of persons under 15 years old (young dependents) and persons aged 65 and over (old dependents) divided by the number of persons 15 to 64 years old (working-age group) and multiplied by 100. This ratio is expressed as the number of total dependents to 100 persons in the working-age group.