Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits (Quezon City): Second Quarter 2019 (Preliminary Result)

Reference Number: 

2019-10 (POII)

Release Date: 

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

This Special Release presents data on construction statistics from approved building permits in Quezon City for the second quarter of 2019. Figures are based on the preliminary results of the tabulated data from collected building permits.

 

 

Type of Construction Second Quarter 2019
(April-June)
Second Quarter 2018
(April-June)
Growth Rate (%)
National Capital Region      
     Number 3,603 3,043 18.4
     Floor Area (sq.m.) 2,471,975 2,036,306 21.4
     Value (PHP '000) 41,734,594 33,823,079 23.4
Quezon City      
     Number 441 145 204.1
     Floor Area (sq.m.) 332,070 364,744 (9.0)
     Value (PHP '000) 5,682,396 7,061,787 (19.5)
Residential      
     Number 216 97 122.7
     Floor Area (sq.m.) 242,860 314,489 (22.8)
     Value (PHP '000) 4,344,040 6,376,568 (31.9)
Non-Residential      
     Number 32 15 113.3
     Floor Area (sq.m.) 88,008 45,758 92.3
     Value (PHP '000) 922,458 579,313 59.2
Addition      
     Number 9 4 125.0
     Floor Area (sq.m.) 1,202 4,497 (73.3)
     Value (PHP '000) 13,132 53,459 (75.4)
Alteration and Repair      
     Number 184 29 534.5
     Value (PHP '000) 402,765 52,447 668.0
 
Number of Approved Building Permits Recorded 204.1 Percent Increase in the Second Quarter
 
The total number of new construction projects from approved building permits in Quezon City increased by 204.1 percent, from 145 building permits in the second quarter of 2018 to 441 building permits in the same quarter of 2019. Meanwhile, the value of building construction decreased by 19.5 percent, from ₱7.1 billion in the second quarter of 2018 to ₱5.7 billion in the same quarter of 2019.
 
Relative to the entire NCR, Quezon City contributed 12.2 percent to the total number of approved building permits and 13.6 percent to the total value of construction during the second quarter of 2019. Refer to Table 1 for details.
 
The total approved building permits for additions, alterations/repairs went up by 484.8 percent, which is equivalent to 193 building permits in the second quarter of 2019 from 33 building permits in the same period of the previous year. 
 
Figure 1 presents the percentage distribution of the number and value of construction for Quezon City by type during the second quarter of 2019. Refer to Table 2 for details.
 
 
Residential Type of Construction Contributes 49.0 Percent of the Total Number of Construction in Quezon City
 
In terms of the number of construction per type, residential buildings registered a total of 216 or 49.0 percent of building construction in Quezon City. Addition, alteration/repair constitute a total of 193 or 43.8 percent while the remaining 7.3 percent is for non-residential building construction with 32 applications. Refer to Table 1 for details. 
 
Figure 2 compares the number of construction by type of residential building for Quezon City for the second quarter of 2018 and 2019.
 
 
Value of Construction for Residential Type of Building Goes Down by 31.9 Percent
 
The aggregate value of construction for residential type of building in Quezon City decreased by 31.9 percent, from ₱6.4 billion during the second quarter of 2018 to ₱4.3 billion in the same quarter of 2019. Meanwhile, the value of construction for non-residential type of building increased by 59.2 percent, from ₱579.3 million in the second quarter of 2018 to ₱922.5 million in the same quarter of 2019. The total value for additions and alteration/repair also increased by 292.7 percent with an amount of ₱105.9 million in the second quarter of 2018 to ₱415.9 million during the same quarter of 2019.
 
Figure 3 compares the value of construction by type of residential building for Quezon City for the second quarter of 2018 and 2019. Refer to Table 1 for details.
 
 
Single-Type Residential Units Record the Highest Number and Residential Condominium Record the Highest Value of Approved Building Permits 
 
Among the types of residential building, single-type units registered the highest number of approved building permits with 163 applications, which is 75.5 percent of the total number of residential building construction. Furthermore, residential condominium recorded the highest value of construction amounting to ₱3.5 billion or 81.5 percent of the total value of residential building construction.
 
 
Commercial Type of Building Ranks the Highest in Number Among Non-Residential Building Construction
 
In the second quarter of 2019, the total value of non-residential buildings was at ₱922.5 million with a total number of 32 approved applications. Among the types of non-residential building, commercial buildings recorded the highest total number with 27 approved applications and an aggregate value of ₱917.3 million during the second quarter of 2019. 
 
Figures 4a and 4b present the number and value of non-residential building construction for Quezon City by type during the second quarter of 2019, respectively.
 
 
 
 
Table 2. Number, Floor Area and Value of New Construction by Type, 
in Quezon City: Second Quarter 2019 and 2018
Region / City / Type of Building Second Quarter 2019P Second Quarter 2018P
Number

Floor Area

(sq. m.)

Value

(in '000)

Number

Floor Area

(sq. m.)

Value

(in '000)

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
National Capital Region 3,603 2,471,975 41,734,594 3,043 2,036,306 33,823,079
 Quezon City 441 332,070 5,682,396 145 364,744 7,061,787
   Residential 216 242,860 4,344,040 97 314,489 6,376,568
     Single-Type 163 47,908 609,879 60 19,537 201,820
     Duplex/Quadruplex - - - 4 580 9,425
     Apartment/Accessoria 49 25,325 194,761 31 15,916 121,840
     Residential condominium 4 169,627 3,539,400 2 278,456 6,043,482
     Others - - - - - -
   Non-residential 32 88,008 922,458 15 45,758 579,313
     Commercial 27 86,981 917,269 12 17,736 151,037
     Industrial - - - 1 3,425 12,450
     Institutional 3 1,027 4,424 2 24,597 415,826
     Agricultural - - - - - -
     Others 2 - 766 - - -
   Additions 9 1,202 13,132 4 4,497 53,459
   Alterations/repair 184 - 402,765 29 - 52,447
Source: Private Construction Statistics, Industry Statistics Division, PSA
Note: p-preliminary
 
 
 
TECHNICAL NOTES 
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
Scope and Coverage
 
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additional, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities and municipalities of the country in a specific period.
 
Sources of Information
 
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by the PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
 
Limitations
 
1. Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
 
2. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
 
Geographic Classification
 
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of December 2014. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
 
Industry Classification
 
Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.
 
Collection
 
The number of building permit forms accomplished by the applicant comes in five (5) copies. The “NSO copy” of the approved building permit is made available within the first five (5) working days after each reference month. Collections of these documents from the LBO in city/municipality are undertaken by PSA field personnel within this period.
 
Collected documents for each month are properly checked as to its completeness by verifying the beginning and ending numbers indicated in the permit numbers. Missing numbers are indicated, with corresponding reasons, in the transmittal. In cases where there is no construction in a given month in a municipality, a certification that there was no approved building permit during the reference period is provided by the LBO to the PSA field staff.
 
Data Processing
 
Data processing of approved building permits is done both manually and mechanically. Copies of documents collected from the offices of LBOs are properly controlled, sorted, edited and coded, folioed and encoded in the PSA provincial offices. During machine validation, inconsistent and invalid entries which are flagged in an error listing are corrected in the data file. This process is repeated until there are no more inconsistent or erroneous entries found in the error listing. The data files are then forwarded to PSA Central Office for validation, consolidation and generation of preliminary tables. Data files received after the cut-off dates of submission set for each quarter are included in the generation of annual tables.
 
Preliminary results are based from data files that have undergone data processing in the provincial offices and have been validated at the Central Office. The preliminary tables are revised to include building permit documents received after the cut-off period in the annual tabulation.
 
Statistics Generated
 
Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide monthly administrative-based data on building construction at the municipality level nationwide. Statistics generated are the following:
 
number
floor area
type of construction
value of construction
 
Statistical Tables
 
The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of construction and by period according to form of ownership. 
 
Unpublished Data
 
Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the PSA website, annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipality level by type of construction and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division of the PSA.
 
Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the National Statistician, Philippine Statistics Authority, 3rd Floor CVEA Building, East Avenue, Quezon City.
 
Dissemination
 
Preliminary and final results of construction statistics generated from approved building permits are made public in the form of Quarterly Special Releases posted in the PSA website (www.psa.gov.ph) 65 calendar days after the reference quarter and Annual Special Release, eight months after the reference year, respectively. The Quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 60 days after the reference quarter while the Annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data incorporating documents which are submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.
 
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
 
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
 
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
 
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
 
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
 
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
 
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
 
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
 
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
 
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
 
Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
 
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
 
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
 
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
 
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
 
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
 
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
 
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
 
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
 
Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.
 
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
 
Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.
 
Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
 
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
 
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
 
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.
 
For more details, please visit www.psa.gov.ph
 

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