The Labor Force Survey (LFS) is a nationwide survey conducted quarterly by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). For this particular release, the data being presented are based on the final results of the October 2017 LFS round for the National Capital Region (NCR).
Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in NCR decreases in October 2017
For the entire country, the LFPR registered 62.1 percent in October 2017 from 63.6 percent during the same period of the previous year. In NCR, the LFPR decreased to 62.0 percent in October 2017 from 63.0 percent during the same period in 2016.
Comparative labor force counts and LFPR for the Philippines and NCR for October 2016 and October 2017 LFS rounds are shown below.
Employment Rate in NCR registers at 93.9 percent
The employment rate of the country in October 2017 reached 95.0 percent, lower by 0.7 percentage point from the same period of the previous year. In NCR, the employment rate posted 93.9 percent in October 2017, or 0.1 percentage point decrease from October 2016.
Comparative employment figures and employment rates for the October 2016 and October 2017 LFS results are shown below.
The trend of employment rate in the country and NCR for the October 2016 and October 2017 LFS rounds are shown in the figure below.
More than half of the employed persons in NCR are males
In the October 2017 LFS round, the country’s male population dominated the employed workforce. Of the 41.5 million employed persons, males accounted for 61.6 percent compared to 38.4 percent females. Of the 5.3 million employed persons in NCR, 57.0 percent were males. Refer to Table 1 for details of household population 15 years old and over by employment status and by sex for the Philippines and NCR for the period October 2017.
Services sector employs more than three quarters of the total workforce in NCR
In October 2017, more than three quarters (80.6%) of the 5.3 million employed persons in NCR were employed in the services sector while 18.9 were engaged in the industry sector. The remaining proportion was employed in the agriculture sector. Similar structure was observed in the October 2016 LFS round. Refer to Table 2 for details of the employed persons and major industry group in NCR for the period October 2016 and 2017.
Service and sales workers comprise the largest group in NCR
In the October 2017 LFS round, service and sales workers comprised the largest group of employment in NCR at 20.6 percent. Elementary occupations formed the second largest group at 17.0 percent, while managers made up the third largest group at 16.7 percent. Refer to Table 3 for details of employed persons by sex and by major occupation group in NCR for October 2017.
NCR Unemployment Rate rises to 6.1 percent in October 2017
The unemployment rate in the country increased to 5.0 percent in the October 2017 LFS round from the 4.7 percent of the same month of the previous year.
Similarly, NCR’s unemployment rate slightly increased to 6.1 percent from 6.0 percent in the same period of the previous year. Unemployment figures of the Philippines and NCR, which were based from the final estimates of the October 2016 and October 2017 LFS rounds, are shown below.
Underemployment rate in NCR increases in October 2017
In the October 2017 LFS round, underemployment rate in NCR increased to 8.1 percent from 7.5 percent in October 2016. This represents an increase of 0.6 percentage point. Comparative underemployment figures and underemployment rates for the October 2016 and October 2017 LFS results are shown below.
In NCR, more than half (58.0%) of the 0.5 million underemployed persons in October 2017 were males. Similar distribution was noted in the sex distribution for underemployment both in the national level and in NCR for the October 2016 and October 2017 LFS rounds. Refer to Table 4 for details of underemployed persons by sex in Philippines and NCR for October 2016 and October 2017.
PACIANO B. DIZON
(Chief Statistical Specialist)
Officer in Charge, PSA-NCR