Senior Citizen is defined as any person aged sixty (60) years or over. (Source: Republic Act 9994, Section 3.A). Globally, older persons refer to those aged 60 years or over.
72 males per 100 females recorded sex ratio among senior citizens
The household population of senior citizens in the city was 24,535 or 6.94 percent to the total household population. From this number, 10,272 or 41.87 percent were males; and 14,263 or 58.13 were females resulting to a sex ratio of 72 males per 100 females.
Figure 1 shows the age-sex population of senior citizens in the City of Mandaluyong as of the last census in 2015. Age-group 80 years old and over recorded a total share of 8.82 percent to the population of senior citizens. The figure also shows that females tend to live longer than males.
Half of the population of senior citizens are still married
Half of the population of senior citizens or 57.82 percent (14,186) were still in compact of marriage; while 28.95 percent (7,102) were already widowed. Seven percent of their population were single or those who were ever since unmarried. Figure 2 shows the percent distribution of senior citizens in the city by their marital status.
99.70 percent of the senior citizens were literate
A total of 24,462 or 99.70 percent of the population of senior citizens were literate or those who can read and write simple messages. The literacy rate among male senior citizens was recorded at 99.84; while, 99.60 was recorded among female citizens. Only 73 or 0.30 percent were recorded illiterates.
Most of the senior citizens are graduate of High School or attained High School Level
Among the senior citizens, 37.45 percent or 9,188 were graduates of high school or attained high school level. Almost one-fourth, 22.69 percent (5,568), of them were college degree holder. Meanwhile, 0.24 percent (58) senior citizens were recorded of no grade completion or those who have not attained at least basic level of education.
Six out of 10 the senior citizens are declared as household head
The head of the household is an adult person, male or female, who is responsible for the organization and care of the household, or who is regarded as such by the members of the household. A total of 14,799 or 60.32 percent of the senior citizens were declared or regarded as household head. Among the household heads, 8,767 (59.24%) of them were males; while 6,032 (40.76%) were females.
152 senior citizens are regarded as domestic helpers
The Labor Code of the Philippines defines “domestic or household service” as a "service in the employer's home" that provides convenience and personal comfort to the employer. Domestic helpers include maids, cooks, yayas (nannies), drivers and all-around helpers. Based on the results of 2015 Census of Population (PopCen), in the City of Mandaluyong, there were 152 senior citizens (0.62%) were regarded as domestic helpers in a household.
1.37 percent of senior citizens are Overseas Filipino Workers
A total of 336 senior citizens (1.37%) were overseas Filipino workers. A household member who is an overseas worker is one who is currently out of the country due to overseas employment. He/she may or may not have a specific work contract or may be presently at home on vacation but has an existing overseas employment to return to.
23.05 percent of Senior Citizens are managers; More female managers than males
Almost one-fourth or 1,759 of the senior citizens to total gainful workers of 7,632 in the city were working as managers. This was followed by the service and sales workers with 16.56 percent or a total of 1,265. The figure 4 shows the usual activity of the Senior Citizens by sex where most women were managers and service and sales workers. Meanwhile, on the occupations which need physical strength, men still dominate these occupations. The graph shows the gender gap based on major classification of occupations senior citizens have. The longer the line, the bigger the gap with respect to number of senior citizens.
94.35 percent of senior citizens have ever had a copy of their birth certificate
From the results of 2015 PopCen, a total of 23,149 or 94.35 percent of senior citizens has ever had a copy of their birth certificate. While, 4.74 percent or 1,163 has never had a copy of their birth certificate; and 0.91 percent or 223 answered don’t know. This means that some senior citizens have never seen or handled a copy of their birth certificate. The purpose of collecting these data is to determine the extent of birth registration in the country. Low registration of births would prompt policy makers and program managers to devise measures to increase the level of birth registration.
DANILO R. CUBINAR
Chief Statistical Specialist
Source: 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN)